Commonly Used Terms:
Hazard or Risk Factor: a condition, object or situation that may be a potential source of harm.
Risk: the likelihood that a hazard will have an impact on people or the environment.
Adverse event: an event that produces harm or damage to people or the environment.
Risk management: the identification of potential hazards, assessment of the likelihood that these could result in actual harm, identification and implementation of measures to minimise the level of risk, review of performance and communication of risk information to all stakeholders.
Other legal safety regulations (e.g. 'Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975', 'Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987' - not to mention any local Bylaws - may apply.
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 outlines how employers/organisers should achieve the requirements defined under the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. The main requirement of these regulations is for organisations to carry out an assessment of the risks associated with their activities before the activities take place
Other Health and Safety Regulations amplify and provide guidance on how specific issues should be addressed in the case of hazards, such as chemicals (including cleaning chemicals), workplace conditions and operations such as lifting.
The Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975 and the Fire Safety and Safety of Places of Sport Act 1987 are concerned with addressing risks to spectators at sports grounds but not with the risks to participants, who are normally covered by the general requirements of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974.